Why Prescription Pad
lasts longer than 3 days
If blood, mucus, or worms are seen in stool
If you have pain in the
If your temperature is greater than 102°F
If you have signs of water loss including dry mouth, excessive thirst, little or no urination, or feel lightheaded
is weakened by another condition such as
If your symptoms do not improve when you drink fluids or use nonprescription
When to go to the hospital
Self-Care at Home
Drink 2-3 quarts of fluid per day. In the first 24 hours the best fluids to drink are bottled fruit juices and beverages, caffeine-free soft drinks, hot tea, and broth.
During the next 24 hours, eat bland foods such as rice, soup, bread, crackers, eggs, and cereals. Advance to regular foods after 2-3 days.
With more severe cases, over-the-counter
may help reduce symptoms and shorten the time they last.
Antimotility agents, such as loperamide (Imodium), give the stools more consistency and provide some relief from your symptoms.
Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol) is also moderately effective. Use according to package directions or upon direction of your doctor.
Avoid these foods when traveling:
Raw fish, meat, and dairy products
Raw leafy vegetables
Any food from street vendors
You may safely eat or drink these items:
Well-cooked fish, meats, and vegetables served hot
Boiled water (3-5 minutes)
If boiling water is not possible, other options include putting tincture of iodine drops in water (5 drops per quart of water), use of tetracycline drops in water, or chlorine bleach to treat water (2 drops per quart of water). These preparations can be obtained from camping and sporting goods stores.
It is best to see your physician prior to foreign travel and to bring the necessary medications with you to prevent any unnecessary trips to doctors or hospitals in foreign countries.
The use of a single daily dose of an antibiotic is up to 90% effective in preventing traveler’s
. Preventive use of antibiotics is not routinely recommended except in special circumstances such as travelers with weakened
, those with significant other medical illnesses, or for people traveling to very high-risk areas.
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