Seek emergency medical care if you have any partial or full thickness burn that involves the genitals, eyes, ears, hands, or feet, or burns over major joints regardless of size. Also seek immediate medical care for the following burns:
If you need to update your tetanus shot, your doctor can check your medical records or if you have any questions about burn care, call your doctor.
The most important first step is to stop the burning process.
After receiving care in a hospital's emergency department for a burn, it is always wise to follow up with your doctor to have the burn reexamined.
Burns are easy injuries to prevent, use common sense.
Most minor burns can be treated at home and will heal fine without scarring. Extensive burns, severe burns in critical areas, such as the face, genitals, hands, or feet, and burns in infants or the elderly may require hospitalization and care by a specialist in burns.
Besides scarring, another complication of burns is infection. This is uncommon with good wound care as directed by the doctor and use of a topical antibiotic ointment. Nevertheless, if infection does occur, a doctor should be consulted so that he or she may start an oral antibiotic and follow the burn closely with frequent follow-ups.
Signs of infection include redness, increased pain in the area, drainage of pus, swelling, and fever .
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