If you have burning pain in your upper stomach that is relieved by eating or taking antacids, you should call your health care provider for an appointment. Don't assume you have an ulcer. Certain other conditions can cause similar symptoms.
If you vomit blood or have other signs of
gastrointestinal bleeding, go to an emergency department right away. Peptic ulcers can cause massive bleeding, which requires blood transfusion or surgery.
Severe abdominal pain suggests perforation or tearing of an ulcer. This is an emergency that may require surgery to fix a hole in your stomach.
abdominal pain also can be a sign of an obstruction, another complication of peptic ulcers. This also may require emergency surgery.
Home care for peptic ulcers often centers on neutralizing the stomach acid.
No particular diet is helpful for people with peptic ulcers.
Follow the recommendations of your health care provider.
Follow up as scheduled with your health care provider to monitor your progress and prevent complications.
You can prevent peptic ulcers by avoiding things that break down the stomach's protective barrier and increase stomach acid secretion. These include alcohol,
smoking, aspirin and no steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and caffeine.
Preventing infection with H pylori is a matter of avoiding contaminated food and water and adhering to strict standards of personal hygiene. Wash your hands carefully with warm water and soap every time you use the bathroom, change a diaper, and before and after preparing food.
If you need the pain relief and anti-inflammatory action of aspirin or an NSAID, you can reduce your risk of ulcers by trying the following:
Following the treatment recommendations of your health care provider can help prevent recurrence of ulcers. This includes taking all
medications as prescribed, especially if you have H pylori infection
Most people with peptic ulcers get better when treated with the appropriate medicine.
Ulcers can have several complications. These usually develop in people who do not receive appropriate treatment.
Bleeding: Ulcers in the stomach or duodenum may bleed.
Perforation: When an ulcer gets very bad, it can eat all the way through the intestinal wall.
Obstruction: An ulcer causes inflammation.
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