See a doctor if any genital
lump or mass continues to enlarge or does not improve within a few days of
lump or mass is painful, this suggests that an
abscess has developed. It needs to be drained.
If other symptoms develop, including vaginal
fever , or vomiting
, call the doctor.
With Bartholin cysts and
abscesses, the primary reason to seek emergency care is acute pain. Women
who are experiencing severe pain or who cannot sit or walk comfortably should
see a doctor as soon as possible. Although symptoms such as high fever and abdominal
pain usually are not caused by Bartholin abscesses, seek
emergency care if these symptoms do develop.
Home treatment of Bartholin cysts and
abscesses involves sitz baths, which promote drainage. Special sitz bath
basins are available, but the simplest method is to sit in the bathtub in a few
inches of warm water. The water should not be so hot as to burn the skin but
should be fairly warm. These soaks should be done for 10-15 minutes at a time,
3-4 times daily. This treatment is frequently all that is needed for Bartholin
Abscesses often require drainage by a doctor.
Women who have had a Bartholin cyst or
abscess drained should follow up in 24-48 hours for recheck and possible
removal of packing material. In the meantime, sitz baths should be taken to
Contact the doctor if the packing falls out prematurely. Depending on the
timing, the size of the abscess, and whether symptoms are continuing, it may or
may not need to be replaced.
Women may be given pain
medication. Take this as prescribed. If antibiotics were prescribed, they
should be taken until gone.
Women should be rechecked if they experience new symptoms including increasing
swelling, pain, vaginal
If a Bartholin cyst develops, prompt treatment with sitz baths may prevent the
development of an
Safe sex practices can decrease the spread of
transmitted diseases and therefore prevent the formation of abscesses caused
by these organisms.
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